Risk Factors of Urinary Bladder Cancer: An Epidemiological Study
An epidemiological study of urinary bladder cancer was conducted on 106 patients with sex ratioFF: 265.5MM.The mean age at diagnosis was 56.65+1.3 38 years. Mean age at diagnosis for male patients (56.70+-1.65 years) and female patients (56.5+-1.2128 years) shows not much difference. Highest percentage (33.02%) of patients was seen in age group 60-69.Age at diagnosis ranged from 30 years to 95 years. Of the total patients of urinary bladder cancer2 (1.89%) patients showed positive family history of malignancy who were male while no female patients with positive family history was recorded while 104 (98.11%) had sporadic occurance of disease. As regards socioeconomic status, urinary bladder cancer patients belonging to skilled manual worker class, working as drivers, transporters carpenters, factory workers and house wives (in case of female patients) were higher in number (33.02%). Among male patients low paid government employees (15.09%) show the highest percentage of malignancy. Highest percentage of carcinoma of urinary bladder is observed in the patients who had not attained school education 52 (49.06. The rural dwellers 59 (55...66%) were higher than urban dwellers 47 (44.34%) but the differences between the two was not significant (p<0.1).Patients coming from first cousin marriages were in highest number than those who did use tobacco 48 (45.28%). Male smokers patients 38 (35.85%) were greater than female smoker patients 1 (0.94%). Distribution of urinary bladder cancer patients among different sub-ethnic groups (surnames) showed highest percentage in Pathan (21%) and lowest in Gujar (4.72%).