Entropy in Information Theory from Many Perspectives and Various Mathematical Models

Aqib Ali, Samreen Naeem, Sania Anam, Muhammad Munawar Ahmed


Entropy is a nebulous scientific notion. This study explains entropy's progression from engineering thermodynamics to biological sciences and how it is used in numerous applications. Clausius invented entropy to quantify heat transport in thermodynamics. Boltzmann links a thermal system's microstates and macrostates. Many academics have expanded entropy's semantic and practical domains. Shannon invented information entropy. This idea solved engineering communications issues. Many economics scholars and businesses utilize this approach to analyze ion collision. Entropy's multifaceted knowledge would change numerous scientific domains and their applications. Entropy evaluates a dataset's irregularity and unpredictability. The estimated entropy value starts at 0. Entropy increases with dataset irregularity. Statistics, mathematics, and information theory employ a formula combining the sigma sign, logarithm, and probability. In this investigation, several formulae and conclusions provide the same entropy result. Experiments with the University of California Irvine (UCI) benchmark datasets yielded the same entropy findings.


Information Theory, Thermodynamic Entropy, Information Entropy, Mathematical Model

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36785/jaes.122548

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