Multistory Academic Buildings in High Seismic Zone- An Economical and Sustainable Solution to Land Scarcity

Asif Hussain, Muhammad Hassan Shahid, Akrama Pervez, Aqeel Alam, Atia Mathloob, Sohaib Ahmed, Anwar Khitab


Buildings are expensive yet very utilitarian infrastructures that shelter us. Increasing population is resulting in the exponential spread of cities consuming large areas of fertile land. The study aims to find out whether Multistory building in high seismic regions is an economical solution to address the issue of land scarcity.  This paper discusses the economic aspects of three multistory buildings (i.e., G+1, G+2, and G+3) with the same facilities and floor area (Approximately 60,000 SFT) but with a different number of stories and hence different footprints (land consumption). The architectural and structural designs have been performed as per guidelines of Higher Education Commission, Pakistan. The design is carried out considering the Mirpur region which lies in the highest seismic zone (zone 4) according to The Building Code of Pakistan (BCP 2007). To reduce the risk of excessive settlement in case of an earthquake, a mat foundation is recommended. The design of frames is carried out using CSI ETABS, where slabs and foundations are designed using CSI SAFE. All the Estimation is done with the help of Revit using Building Information Modeling (BIM).


Seismic Design; BIM; Building Design; Land Scarcity; Structure Engineering; Infrastructure; Mat foundation; Frame Structure

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