Development of Skin Care Sheet Masks

misbah latif, Hira Khalid, Muhammad Salman Naeem, Faheem Ahmed


Skin health is one of the essential aspects of aesthetics. Scientists and dermatologists work to develop new materials and methods to achieve this aim. Facial cosmetic sheet masks are the prevalent beauty products used for skin healing and revitalization as the demand for these masks is increasing day by day. In this study, dry cosmetic sheet masks were developed to get desirable performance, high liquid retention, and improved sensorial comfort properties. A composite of hydrogels of sodium alginate with fibrous needle punched nonwoven sheets was produced. DOE was developed using MINITAB 17 and 27 samples were developed by blending viscose with coolmax, Tencel and micro polyester fibers in (80:20, 50:50, and 20:80) blend ratios by needle punching machine. 3 samples were made of 100 % cotton fibers. The developed nonwoven sheets were soaked in three concentrations (0.5, 1, and 1.5 wt. %) of sodium alginate and water solution. Then the samples were dipped in calcium chloride (CaCl2) solution, resulting in the formation of hydrogels. The developed samples were tested for vertical wicking, liquid retention, sensorial properties, and surface characterization. The sample of viscose/micro polyester (20:80) showed high wicking heights. Samples of viscose/Tencel and viscose/micro polyester blends had better liquid retention capacity. PhabrOmeter was used for the objective evaluation of sensorial properties and samples of viscose/micro-polyester showed better sensorial properties. FTIR analysis confirmed the presence of sodium alginate hydrogels in the nonwoven samples. The data obtained from results were analyzed using ANOVA, regression models, and surface plots and it was observed that the samples of viscose and micro-polyester blends showed better performance. Whereas the overall performance in terms of absorption, retention, and comfort properties of the alginate-based nonwoven samples was enhanced.


Sheet masks, non-woven sheets, sodium alginate hydrogels, liquid absorption and retention, sensorial comfort

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