Development of Skin Care Sheet Masks

misbah latif, Hira Khalid, Muhammad Salman Naeem, Faheem Ahmed

Abstract


Skin health is one of the essential aspects of aesthetics. Scientists and dermatologists work to develop new materials and methods to achieve this aim. Facial cosmetic sheet masks are the prevalent beauty products used for skin healing and revitalization as the demand for these masks is increasing day by day. In this study, dry cosmetic sheet masks were developed to get desirable performance, high liquid retention, and improved sensorial comfort properties. A composite of hydrogels of sodium alginate with fibrous needle punched nonwoven sheets was produced. DOE was developed using MINITAB 17 and 27 samples were developed by blending viscose with coolmax, Tencel and micro polyester fibers in (80:20, 50:50, and 20:80) blend ratios by needle punching machine. 3 samples were made of 100 % cotton fibers. The developed nonwoven sheets were soaked in three concentrations (0.5, 1, and 1.5 wt. %) of sodium alginate and water solution. Then the samples were dipped in calcium chloride (CaCl2) solution, resulting in the formation of hydrogels. The developed samples were tested for vertical wicking, liquid retention, sensorial properties, and surface characterization. The sample of viscose/micro polyester (20:80) showed high wicking heights. Samples of viscose/Tencel and viscose/micro polyester blends had better liquid retention capacity. PhabrOmeter was used for the objective evaluation of sensorial properties and samples of viscose/micro-polyester showed better sensorial properties. FTIR analysis confirmed the presence of sodium alginate hydrogels in the nonwoven samples. The data obtained from results were analyzed using ANOVA, regression models, and surface plots and it was observed that the samples of viscose and micro-polyester blends showed better performance. Whereas the overall performance in terms of absorption, retention, and comfort properties of the alginate-based nonwoven samples was enhanced.


Keywords


Sheet masks, non-woven sheets, sodium alginate hydrogels, liquid absorption and retention, sensorial comfort

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ajmeri, J. R., & Ajmeri, C. J. (2011). Nonwoven materials and technologies for medical applications. In Handbook of Medical Textiles. Woodhead Publishing Limited. https://doi.org/10.1533/9780857093691.1.106

Ak, M. (2019). An Extensive Review of Cosmetics in Use. 1–20.

Aleksandra, Ł. (n.d.). GLOBAL BEAUTY INDUSTRY TRENDS IN THE 21st CENTURY. 1079–1087.

Ali, M., Mohammad, N., Amirkhani, A., Abolfazl, Z., Moghaddam, S., Tina, M. S., Ms, M., Alavi, S., & Sisakht, M. M. (2018). Skin care and rejuvenation by cosmeceutical facial mask. May, 693–702. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocd.12730

Application, E. P. (2007). Ep 1 813 167 a1 (12). 1(19), 1–18.

Asanovic, K. A., Cerovic, D. D., Kostic, M. M., Maletic, S. B., & Kramar, A. D. (2018). Multipurpose nonwoven viscose/polypropylene fabrics: Effect of fabric characteristics on sorption and dielectric properties. Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, 56(12), 947–957. https://doi.org/10.1002/polb.24611

Badita, C. R., Aranghel, D., Burducea, C., & Mereuta, P. (2020). Characterization of sodium alginate based films. Romanian Journal of Physics, 65(1–2), 1–8.

Basit, A., Latif, W., Baig, S. A., Rehman, A., Hashim, M., Zia, M., & Rehman, U. R. (2018). The Mechanical and Comfort Properties of Viscose with Cotton and Regenerated Fibers Blended Woven Fabrics The Mechanical and Comfort Properties of Viscose with Cotton and Regenerated Fibers Blended Woven Fabrics. May. https://doi.org/10.5755/j01.ms.24.2.18260

Behera, B. K., Chowdhry, S., & Sobti, M. (1998). Studies on handle of microdenier polyester filament dress materials. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, 10(2), 104–113. https://doi.org/10.1108/09556229810213764

Bonaldi, R. R. (2017). Functional finishes for high-performance apparel. In High-Performance Apparel: Materials, Development, and Applications. Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-100904-8.00006-7

Bulletin, C. (n.d.). COMMERCIAL BULLETIN ALOE VERA FACIAL SHEET MASK AMB Wellness is a Raw Material supplier only.

Chapman, R. (Ed.). (n.d.). Applications of Nonwovens in Technical Textiles. Woodhead Publishing Limited.

Chavan, R. B., & Patra, A. K. (2004). Review Article: Development and processing of lyocell. Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research, 29(4), 483–492.

Çinçik, E., & Koç, E. (2013). The Effect of Blend Ratio and Process Parameters on Tensile Properties of Polyester / Viscose Blended Needle-Punched Nonwovens. 14(6), 1040–1049. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-013-1040-4

Coltelli, M. (2020). Cleaner Environment.

Dias-Ferreira, J., Fernandes, A. R., Soriano, J. L., Naveros, B. C., Severino, P., da Silva, C. F., & Souto, E. B. (2020). Skin rejuvenation: Biopolymers applied to UV sunscreens and sheet masks. Biopolymer Membranes and Films, 309–330. https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-818134-8.00013-4

Gianluca, M., Chen, H., & Morganti, P. (2019). Beauty Mask : Market and Environment. October. https://doi.org/10.16966/2576-2826.141

Gopalakrishnan, D. (2020). Manufacturing of needle punched nonwoven.

Gore, A. V., & Venkataraman, A. (1998). Identification of polyester/cellulosic blends using FT-IR spectrometer. Indian Journal of Fibre and Textile Research, 23(3), 165–169.

Hasenoehrl, E. (n.d.). Chapter 12 : Facial c leansers and c leansing c loths. 1, 95–101.

Hata, H. A. O., Tai, K., Mai, M., & Ma, M. (2018). | hao hata kata tai mult mai mult ma i da. 2.

Hatch, K. L. (2009). The use of classification systems and production methods in identifying manufactured textile fibers. Identification of Textile Fibers, 1994, 111–130. https://doi.org/10.1533/9781845695651.1.111

Introduction : hygiene products. (2011). 3–13. https://doi.org/10.1533/9780857093707.1.3

Kalebek, N. A., & Babaarslan, O. (n.d.). Fiber Selection for the Production of Nonwovens. 1–32.

Karasawa, Y. (2017). Investigation of factors for evaluating skin- touch comfort sensation of cloth used for cosmetic face masks. 18–22.

Kiekens, P., & Zamfir, M. (2002). Non-wovens from cotton fibres for absorbent products obtained by the needle-punching process. Autex Research Journal, 2(4), 165–174.

Kniazeva, M., & Belk, R. W. (2007). Packaging as Vehicle for Mythologizing the Brand. Consumption Markets & Culture, 10(1), 51–69. https://doi.org/10.1080/10253860601164627

Kobayashi, K., & Sumi, N. (n.d.). Silk Fibroin Sponge Sheet for Skin Care. 57, 36–37.

Kolanthai, E., Sindu, P. A., Khajuria, D. K., Veerla, S. C., Kuppuswamy, D., Catalani, L. H., & Mahapatra, D. R. (2018). Graphene Oxide - A Tool for the Preparation of Chemically Crosslinking Free Alginate-Chitosan-Collagen Scaffolds for Bone Tissue Engineering. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, 10(15), 12441–12452. https://doi.org/10.1021/acsami.8b00699

Kreze, T., & Strnad, S. (2001). Influence of aqueous medium on mechanical properties of conventional and new environmentally friendly regenerated cellulose fibers. 107–114.

Kumar, B., Das, A., Alagirusamy, R., Singh, J., Garg, V., & Gupta, R. (2014). Characterization of Liquid Transport in Needle-Punched Nonwovens . I . Wicking under Infinite Liquid Reservoir. 15(12), 2665–2670. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12221-014-2665-7

Kusumawati, A. H. (2020). Formulation and physical evaluation sheet mask from red rice ( Oryza nivara ) and virgin coconut oil ( Cocos nucifera L ). 3, 60–64.

Lu, J. (2014). Influence of Coolmax fiber content on comfortable properties of cotton /Coolmax weft-varied fabric Jin-ming LU. 562, 154–157. https://doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMM.556-562.154

Manshahia, M., & Das, A. (2013). Comfort Characteristics of Knitted Active Sportswear: Liquid Water Transportation. Research Journal of Textile and Apparel, 17(3), 38–49. https://doi.org/10.1108/RJTA-17-03-2013-B005

Nguyen, J. K., Masub, N., & Jagdeo, J. (2020). Bioactive ingredients in Korean cosmeceuticals: Trends and research evidence. Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, 19(7), 1555–1569. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocd.13344

Noor, P. (2013). Nonwoven materials and joining techniques 19. https://doi.org/10.1533/9780857093967.4.565

Patel, M., & Bhramhatt, D. (2010). Needle punching technology. 10. https://textlnfo.files.wordpress.com/2012/01/needle-punching1.pdf

Perugini, P., Bleve, M., Redondi, R., Cortinovis, F., & Colpani, A. (2019). In vivo evaluation of the effectiveness of biocellulose facial masks as active delivery systems to skin. April, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1111/jocd.13051

Pierfrancesco, M., Beatrice, C. M., & Serena, D. (2018). Biobased tissues for innovative cosmetic products: Polybioskin as an EU research project. Global Journal of Nanomedicine, 3(4), 107–112. https://doi.org/10.19080/GJN.2018.03.555620

QARTS_Volume 17_Issue 24_Pages 96-127.pdf. (n.d.).

Search, C. (2019). SHEET-MASK PACKAGE.

Senthilkumar, M. (2009). Micro polyester fibers for moisture management. The Indian Textile Journal, 21, 21.

Texcoms. (2019). Textile Fibres : Textile Technology Knowledge Series 1. I, 1–301. https://www.texcoms.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Textile-Fibres.pdf

White, J. M. L., De Groot, A. C., & White, I. R. (2011). Cosmetics and skin care products. Contact Dermatitis (Fifth Edition), 18(4), 591–605. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-03827-3_32

Yamaguchi, M., Araki, D., Kanamori, T., & Okiyama, Y. (2017). Actual consumption amount of personal care products re fl ecting Japanese cosmetic habits. 42(6), 797–814.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.36785/jaes.121536

Creative Commons License
Journal of Applied and Emerging Sciences by BUITEMS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at www.buitms.edu.pk.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://journal.buitms.edu.pk/j/index.php/bj

Contacts | Feedback
© 2002-2014 BUITEMS