IMPACT OF WATER SCARCITY ON ECONOMY AND WETLAND HABITAT WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO BALOCHISTAN

Salah Ud Din Azad, Maqsood Ahmed Khan, Ehsanullah Kakar, Dost Mohammad Baloch

Abstract


The world has moved on to realizing the importance of water, because scarcity of fresh water exists more or less every where in the world. With the economy largely dependent on irrigated agriculture, Pakistan's water needs for human consumption and industry are also putting ever increasing demands on the available water resources. The Balochistan province suffers from a water scarcity and the situation continues to deteriorate with each passing day, which is affecting economy as well as the biodiversity.
Water has a critical role in the province's economy, and in Balochistan where water has always been a scarce commodity, the constant abuse of the natural resources since the last many decades is posing a challenge to environmentalists and planners to come up with appropriate short and long term strategies that should be followed to control the situation of scarcity of water and protect its already weak and fragile environment.
This study was designed to ascertain a) how much water was available for the province; b) water deficiency; c) how this deficiency was affecting the economy and biodiversity of the province; and d) in the end, the suggestive measures to improve the water scarcity and to preserve the aquatic biodiversity of the province have been recommended to improve the economy of the province.

Keywords


Water scarcity; Wet land habitat; Bio diversity; Environment; Eco system

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