Photovoltaic Module Efficiency Optimizing Techniques: A Review

Muhammad Ismail Jamali, Ghullam Mustafa Bhutto, Abdul Sattar Saand, Mohsin Ali Koondhar, Muhammad Shahzad Bajwa, Mansab Ali Lakho, Irfan Ali Channa, Asif Ali Lund


The solar irradiation falling on PV-module that converted into heat hence the reducing efficiency. The dust deposition decreases efficiency and resist the amount of solar radiation interacting on surface of PV-panel. The mismatch position placed of PV string can make the mutual shading between the PV-Module, Due to this reason of shading the totally efficiency of PV system falls. To overcome all mentioned problem, in this paper the review of environmental factor and their latest minimizing techniques for optimizing performance of PV-Module is discussed. This paper merely focused on the review of cooling, Cleaning and shading effect techniques.


Cooling Technique, Cleaning Technique, shading technique

Full Text:



A. E. Kabeel, A. E., & M. Abdelgaied, “Performance enhancement of a photovoltaic panel with reflectors and cooling coupled to a solar still with air injection”, Journal of Cleaner Production, 224, pp.40-49, 2019.

P. K. Ng, & N. Mithraratne, “Lifetime performance of semi-transparent building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) glazing systems in the tropics”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 31, pp. 736-745, 2014.

P. Würfel, & U. Würfel, “Physics of solar cells: from basic principles to advanced concepts. John Wiley & Sons”, 2016.

N. Kahoul, M. Houabes, & M. Sadok, “Assessing the early degradation of photovoltaic modules performance in the Saharan region”, Energy conversion and management, 82, pp. 320-326, 2014.

M. Abdolzadeh, & M. Ameri, “Improving the effectiveness of a photovoltaic water pumping system by spraying water over the front of photovoltaic cells”, Renewable energy, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 91-96, 2009.

M. Mattei, G. Notton, C. Cristofari, M. Muselli, & P. Poggi, “Calculation of the polycrystalline PV module temperature using a simple method of energy balance”, Renewable energy, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 553-567, 2006.

S. Jamali, M. Yari, & S. M. S. Mahmoudi, “Enhanced power generation through cooling a semi-transparent PV power plant with a solar chimney”, Energy Conversion and Management, 175, pp. 227-235, 2018.

S. .S. Chandel, & T. Agarwal, “Review of cooling techniques using phase change materials for enhancing efficiency of photovoltaic power systems”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 73, pp. 1342-1351, 2017.

M. Chandrasekar, S. Rajkumar, & D. Valavan, “A review on the thermal regulation techniques for non integrated flat PV modules mounted on building top”, Energy and Buildings, 86, pp. 692-697, 2015.

N. Khadka, A. Bista, B. Adhikari, A. Shrestha, D. Bista & B. Adhikary, “Current Practices of Solar Photovoltaic Panel Cleaning System and Future Prospects of Machine Learning Implementation”, IEEE Access, 8, pp. 135948-135962, 2020.

M. Horoufiany, & R. Ghandehari, “Optimization of the Sudoku based reconfiguration technique for PV arrays power enhancement under mutual shading conditions”, Solar Energy, 159, pp. 1037-1046, 2018.

A. Homadi, T. Hall & L. Whitman, “Study a novel hybrid system for cooling solar panels and generate power”, Applied Thermal Engineering, 179, 115503, 2020.

A. Elnozahy, A. K. A. Rahman, , A. H. H. Ali, M. Abdel-Salam, & S. Ookawara, “Thermal/electrical modeling of a PV module as enhanced by surface cooling”, Journal of Clean Energy Technologies, vol. 4, no. 1, 2016.

D. Deb, & N. L. Brahmbhatt, “Review of yield increase of solar panels through soiling prevention, and a proposed water-free automated cleaning solution”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82, pp. 3306-3313, 2018.

K. Kurokawa, K. Komoto, P. Vleuten, & D. Faiman, “Energy from the desert. Practical proposals for very large scale photovoltaic systems-Summary, 2006.

P.R. Satpathy, R. Sharma, & S. Dash, “An efficient SD-PAR technique for maximum power generation from modules of partially shaded PV arrays”, Energy, 175, pp. 182-194, 2019.

Z. M. Salameh, & F. Dagher, “The effect of electrical array reconfiguration on the performance of a PV-powered volumetric water pump”, IEEE Transactions on Energy Conversion, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 653-658, 1990.

P. R. Satpathy, & R. Sharma, “Power loss reduction in partially shaded PV arrays by a static SDP technique”, Energy, 156, pp. 569-585, 2018.

A. Maleki, A. Haghighi, M. E. H. Assad, L. Mahariq, & M. A. Nazari,

“A review on the approaches employed for cooling PV cells”, Solar Energy, 209, pp. 170-185, 2020.

J .K. Tonui, & Y. Tripanagnostopoulos, “Air-cooled PV/T solar collectors with low cost performance improvements”, Solar energy, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 498-511, 2007.

R. Daghigh, M. H. Ruslan, & K. Sopian, “Advances in liquid based photovoltaic/thermal (PV/T) collectors”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 4156-4170, 2011.

P. Prudhvi, & P.C. Sai, “Efficiency improvement of solar PV panels using active cooling”, In 11th IEEE International Conference on Environment and Electrical Engineering, pp. 1093-1097, 2012.

M. Al-Housani, Y. Bicer, & M. Koç, “Experimental investigations on PV cleaning of large-scale solar power plants in desert climates: Comparison of cleaning techniques for drone retrofitting”, Energy Conversion and Management, 185, pp. 800-815, 2019.

A. Elnozahy, A. K. A. Rahman, A. H. .H Ali, M. Abdel-Salam, & S. Ookawara, “Performance of a PV module integrated with standalone building in hot arid areas as enhanced by surface cooling and cleaning. Energy and Buildings, 88, pp. 100-109, 2015.

M. Chandrasekar, S. Suresh, & T. Senthilkumar, “Passive cooling of standalone flat PV module with cotton wick structures”, Energy Conversion and Management, 71, pp. 43-50, 2013.

A. Hasan, J. Sarwar, H. Alnoman, & S. Abdelbaqi, “Yearly energy performance of a photovoltaic-phase change material (PV-PCM) system in hot climate”, Solar Energy, 146, pp. 417-429, 2017.

J. Sarwar, A. Hasnain, A. E. Abbas, & K. E. Kakosimos, “Comparative analysis of a novel low concentration dual photovoltaic/phase change material system with a non-concentrator photovoltaic system”, Thermal Science, (00), pp. 468-468, 2019.

M. H. Ahmadi, M. Ghazvini, M. Sadeghzadeh, M. Alhuyi Nazari, R. Kumar, A. Naeimi, & T. Ming, “Solar power technology for electricity generation: A critical review”, Energy Science & Engineering, vol. 6, no. 5, pp. 340-361, 2018.

S. A. Marathe, & B. P. Patil, “Mechanisms for Improving the Productivity of the Existing Photovoltaic Panels: A Review”, In IEEE International Conference on Computational Performance Evaluation, pp. 087-090, 2020.

V. S. Saravanan, & S. K. Darvekar, “Solar Photovoltaic panels cleaning methods: A Review:, Int. J. Pure Appl. Math, 118, pp. 1-17, 2018.

A. Assi, A. Hassan, M. Al-Shamisi, & H. Hejase, “Removal of air blown dust from photovoltaic arrays using forced air flow of return air from air conditioning systems”, In IEEE International Conference on Renewable Energies for Developing Countries, pp. 1-5, 2012.

A. Kimber, L. Mitchell, S. Nogradi, & H. Wenger, “The effect of soiling on large grid-connected photovoltaic systems in California and the southwest region of the United States”, In IEEE 4th World Conference on Photovoltaic Energy Conference, vol. 2, pp. 2391-2395, 2006.

D. Deb, & N. L. Brahmbhatt, “Review of yield increase of solar panels through soiling prevention, and a proposed water-free automated cleaning solution”, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 82, pp. 3306-3313, 2018.

M. K. Mazumder, R. Sharma, A. S. Biris, M. N. Horenstein, J. Zhang, H. Ishihara, & O. Sadder, "Electrostatic removal of particles and its applications to self-cleaning solar panels and solar concentrators”, In Developments in Surface Contamination and Cleaning, William Andrew Publishing, pp. 149-199, 2011.

M. Mani, & R. Pillai, “Impact of dust on solar photovoltaic (PV) performance: Research status, challenges and recommendations”, Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, vol. 14, no. 9, pp. 3124-3131, 2010.

W. Thongsuwan, T. Kumpika, & P. Singjai, “Effect of high roughness on a long aging time of superhydrophilic TiO2 nanoparticle thin films”, Current Applied Physics, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1237-1242, 2011.

K. Nakata, & A. Fujishima, “TiO2 photocatalysis: Design and applications. Journal of photochemistry and photobiology C:” Photochemistry Reviews, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 169-189, 2012.

S. Pareek, & R. Dahiya, “Output power maximization of partially shaded 4* 4 PV field by altering its topology”, Energy Procedia, 54, pp. 116-126, 2014.

B. I. Rani, G.S. Ilango, & C. Nagamani, “Enhanced power generation from PV array under partial shading conditions by shade dispersion using Su Do Ku configuration”, IEEE Transactions on sustainable energy, vol. 4, no. 3, pp. 594-601, 2013.

F. Lu, S. Guo, T. M. Walsh, & A. G. Aberle, “Improved PV module performance under partial shading conditions”, Energy Procedia, 33, pp. 248-255, 2013.

M. A. Ghasemi, H. M. Foroushani, & M. Parniani, “Partial shading detection and smooth maximum power point tracking of PV arrays under PSC”, IEEE Transactions on Power Electronics, vol. 31, no. 9, 6281-6292, 2015.

V. P. Deshpande, & S. E. Bodkhe, “Solar PV array reconfiguration using Ant Colony Optimisation for maximum power extraction under partial shading conditions”, Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Application, vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 21-28, 2017.


Creative Commons License
Journal of Applied and Emerging Sciences by BUITEMS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at

Contacts | Feedback
© 2002-2014 BUITEMS