SOCIO-ECONOMIC EFFECTS OF WATER SCARICITY IN TEHSIL KARAZAT DISTRICT PISHIN BALOCHISTAN

Nasrullah Nasrullah, Maqsood Ahmad Khan, Aamir Mahmood, Mohammad Gohram Khan Malghani, Ehsanullah Kakar Kakar

Abstract


In the globally changing scenario water is becoming scarier and important due to its nonavailability for the communities in almost every corner of the world. Focusing on the importance of the water a research was conducted on the socio-economic effects of water table depletion in Pishin Balochistan. primary data was collected through a questionnaire,secondary data from different generals, line departments and reports, the finding were discussed in focus group discussions in Karezaat and analyzed. Due to agrarian society absolute majority of people are engage with agriculture and they are irrigating their agriculture fields through tube wells by pumping the underground water through electric motor pumps that resulted in the water table depletion and change in agriculture productivity in the area. Which directly affect the socio economic conditions of the people of area like effect on children education, local traditions, and migration is taking place to urban centers. The unemployment, poverty and crime rate is increased. The Water Table in the area could be improved by the introduction, adoption and expansion of low delta crops, best water management practices, strictly implementation and monitoring of tube wells installation rule and regulation, diversify the means of livelihood.

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