Climate Change Vulnerabilities and Freshwater Challenges: The Case of the Most Vulnerable Small Island Developing States
King D, (2004). Climate change science: adapt, mitigate, or ignore. Science 303(5655): 176–7.
Kelman, I. (2014). No change from climate change: vulnerability and small island developing states.
The Geographical Journal 180: 120–129.
UNFCCC (2005). Climate Change, Small Island Developing States. Issued by the CLIMATE CHANGE
SECRETARIAT (UNFCCC), Bonn, Germany.
Tompkins EL, Nicholson-Cole SA, Boyd E, Hurlston LA, Brooks Hodge G, Clarke J, Trotz N, Gray G, Varlack
L. (2005). Surviving Climate Change in Small Islands - A guidebook, produced by the Tyndall Centre for
Climate Change Research 37(2):132.
Manton MJ, DellaMarta
PM, Haylock MR, Hennessy KJ, Nicholls N, Chambers LE, Collins DA, Daw
G, Finet A, Gunawan D, Inape K, Isobe H, Kestin TS, Lefale P, Leyu CH, Lwin T, Maitrepierre L,
Ouprasitwong N, Page CM, Pahalad J, Plummer N, Salinger MJ, Suppiah R, Tran VL, Trewin B,
Tibig I, Yee D. (2001). Trend in extreme daily rainfall and temperature in southeast Asia and the South
Pacific: 1961–1998. International Journal of Climatology 21(3): 269–284.
Guinea PN, Unit PIC. (2000). Cities, Seas and Storms: Managing Change in Pacific Island Economies,
vol. 1. World Bank, Washington DC.
Hemming D, Iowe J, Biginton M, Betts R, Ryall D. (2007). Impacts of mean sea level rise based on
current state-of-the-art modeling. Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research, Exeter, UK.
Becker M, Meyssignac B, Letetrel C, Llovel W, Cazenave A, Delcroix T. (2012). Sea level variations at
tropical Pacific islands since 1950. Global and Planetary Change 80: 85-98.
Huss M, Farinotti D. (2012). Distributed ice thickness and volume of all glaciers around the globe. Journal
of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface 117(F4):1-10.
Hay J. (2013). Small island developing states: coastal systems, global change and sustainability. Sustain
Pernetta JC. (1989). Cities on oceanic islands: a case study of Male, capital of the Republic of Maldives.
In Impacts of Sea Level Rise on Cities and Regions, Proceedings of the First Annual International
Meeting, “Cities on Water”, Marcilio Editors, Venice, Italy. pp. 169-182.
Forbes D, James T, Sutherland M, Nichols S. (2013). Physical basis of coastal adaptation on tropical
small islands. Sustain Sci 8:327–344.
Wetzel FT, Beissmann H, Penn DJ, Jetz W. (2013). Vulnerability of terrestrial island vertebrates to
rise. Global Change Biology 19(7): 20582070.
Journal of Applied and Emerging Sciences by BUITEMS is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Based on a work at www.buitms.edu.pk.
Permissions beyond the scope of this license may be available at http://journal.buitms.edu.pk/j/index.php/bj