From the past few years, Pakistan is facing the worst ever crisis of water shortage as the water availability for any use has become rapidly scarce even for the drinking purpose in some areas of Pakistan especially in Balochistan. The soaring demand of water for different domestic and commercial uses along with the scanty potable water resources, there is a need to store water and to introduce new water resources. The water which is considered unsuitable for human consumption becomes more significant in different commercial and construction uses. As the resources of potable water are getting scarce, the raising demand of water constrain us to find out the different resources of obtaining water that would be usable for agricultural,commercial, construction and industrial purposes. This study deals with the physical and chemical treatment of sewage water obtained from City Nala, Quetta. The treatment of sewage water (physical and chemical) was more focused interms of water quality parameters to introduce an alternative sources of economical water used in the concrete industry.
Sewage water; filtered sewage water; treated filtered sewage water
More AB, Ghodake RB, Nimbalkar HN, Chandake PP, Maniyar SP, Narute YD, Reuse of Treated
Domestic Waste Water in Concrete – A Sustainable Approach. Volume: 4, ISSN – 2249-555X, 2014.
Qusim SR. Waste Water Treatment Plants – Planning, Design and Operation. Holt Rinehart and Winston,
New York, 1985.
Viessman WJ. and Hammer MJ. Water Supply and Pollution Control. 4th Edition, Harper and Row, New
Tay JH and Yip WK. (1987). Use of Reclaimed Waste Water for Concrete Mixing. Journal of
Environmental Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers. 113(5):1156-1161.
Taha RA, Al-Harthy AS and Al-Jabri KS. (2010). Use of Production and Brackish Water in Concrete
Mixtures, International Journal of Sustainable Water and Environmental System. 1(2);39-43.