Exploring the Linkages between Population Growth and Economic Growth for South Asian Countries

Usman Azhar, Mohsin Hasnain Ahmad, Abdul Raziq


The present study investigates the impact of population on economic growth by using the panel ARDL cointegration technique for long run and error correction model to determine the short run dynamics of system to panel data for selected south Asian countries. The empirical findings indicate that population growth rate causes the low GDP growth rate in long run for selected countries. The results also reveal that there is no short run causality from population growth to GDP growth. Findings from the study support the conventional wisdom, which stipulates that high population growth has an adverse effect on economic growth. In countries like Pakistan, India and Bangladesh, carefully planned population growth strategy could be beneficial for economic growth and eventually poverty alleviation.

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