Prevalence of Typhoid Fever in General Population of District Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan

Abdul Malik Tareen


Typhoid fever is a systemic illness, caused by ingestion of contaminated food and water with Salmonella typhi and paratyphi. It is one of the serious problems worldwide, especially in developing countries. In the presented study determined the prevalence of typhoid fever in general population of district Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan. The study was carried out from January 2011 to April 2011 at microbiological laboratory of BMCH (Bolan Medical College Hospital) Quetta. A total of 1326 patients, having the symptoms of fever, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea and loss of appetite were included in the study. Venous blood samples were collected aseptically and subjected to specific sero-diagnostic technique (Widal’s test) using standard procedure. Out of 1326 typhoid suspects, 194 (14.63%) samples were positive for typhoid. Individuals of age group (11-20 years) being more affected (23.98%), while others with age group (51-60 years) were least affected (3.2%). Out of 194 positive samples, male population was more affected (15.86%). Furthermore, typhoid fever was more prevalent (15.30%) in Quetta rural area as compared to Quetta urban (13.45%). It is concluded that typhoid fever can occur at any age group but school and college going ages were more affected. In addition, male patients and patients from rural area showed increase risk of getting infection

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